Colon Cancer

Colon cancer is a type of cancer disease that infects the colon (colon). The colon is the last part of the large intestine, of the digestive system. Colon cancer (rectal-rectum) is a cancer in the last 15 centimetres of the colon. These two types of cancer are called, together, colon and rectal cancer, or: “Cervical colon cancer”.


In most cases, colon cancer begins as a small mass of non-cancerous cells called “Bolleb” and “adenomatous polyp”. After a period of time, the polypi/polyps that are made into cancerous lumps are transformed into the colon.


These may be small and accompanied by very few, if any, symptoms. Routine screening (scanning-scan) tests that are conducted on a regular basis can prevent the emergence and development of colon cancer, by early detection of the salmonella before it turns into cancerous tumours.


If any signs of colon cancer are shown, they may include:
Change in normal bowel activity, blood in the stool, intestinal cramps (colic) lasting, tummy tuck (gaseous bulge in the abdomen-flatulence) or abdominal aches.


Symptoms of colon cancer
Symptoms of colon cancer


Most people who are infected with colon cancer do not show any symptoms in the early stages of the disease. When the symptoms of colon cancer begin to emerge, they vary from one case to another and are related to the size


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Symptoms of colon cancer and primary signs may include the following:


Changes in natural and normal bowel activity, manifested in: diarrhea, constipation or changes in the scene of the stool and the frequency of the defecated, lasts for more than two weeks.
Bleeding from the anus or the appearance of blood in the stool.
Tightness in the abdominal area, manifested in: Cramps (colic), gaseous bulges and aches
Stand out with abdominal aches.
The symptoms of colon cancer are also accompanied by a feeling that the defecates have not emptied in the intestines, just
Fatigue or weakness
Unjustified landing in weight
The presence of blood in the stool can indicate a cancerous tumor, but it can also refer to a variety of other health problems. If the blood color is pale red, it can be seen on the toilet paper, it is more likely that its source is hemorrhoids (piles/hemorrhoids) or perhaps an enema (RIP/crack in the anus-anal fissure).


In addition, some types of foods, such as beet or licorice (licorice) Red, may make the color of the stool red. Iron Substitutes (iron-containing medicines) and some types of medication used to treat diarrhoea may turn the color of the stool into black. But this does not indicate that there are symptoms of colon cancer.


However, in spite of all the above, it is strongly recommended that any signs of bleeding (blood) in the stool be examined comprehensively. and accurate, by the therapist, because blood in the stool can indicate, at times, a more serious illness.


Causes and risk factors of colon cancer
The causes of colon cancer are about 90% of those diagnosed with colon cancer over the age of 50 years.
Colon cancer, in general, is formed when a change in a range of healthy cells occurs. Healthy cells are developed and divided regularly and in a coordinated manner with the aim of giving the body the ability to function and perform its functions, naturally and properly. However, the growth and division of cells is beyond control, sometimes the cells continue to divide and reproduce even without the need for such a large number of cells. This excessive increase in the number (quantity) of cells in the colon and rectum area can be accompanied by the production of potential carcinogocytes (precancerous) within the inner colon casing.


Over a very long period of time-it can reach even several years – some of these excess cells can become cancerous. In the advanced stages of colon cancer, colon cancer can penetrate the colon wall and spread (send the metastasis) to the nearby lymph glands or other internal organs. As in all types of cancer, the exact real cause of colon cancer is still unknown, so far.


Pre-cancerous tumours (potential carcinogenicity-precancerous) in Colon:


Pre-cancerous tumours can be created anywhere along the colon, the muscular tube which forms the last part of the digestive tract. The colon consists of 120-150 centimetres in the upper part, called “intestines”, while the “rectum” (rectum) is the last 15 centimeters.


Pre-cancerous tumours appear, often, as a mass of cells (Silas/Polybpat-Polypi) stand out from the colon wall. These are sometimes shown in the form of mushrooms. These pre-cancerous tumours can also appear, as a flat-level spot, or as a cavity in the colon wall. This type is considered complex in terms of detection, since it is very rare.


There are several types of colitis in the colon, including:


Tumor Tomorrow (adenoma): This type of liquid is the greatest probability of conversion to cancer (or cancerous tumor), and is usually eradicated and removed, during detection and brushing tests, such as colonoscopy (colonoscopy) or X-ray (sigmoidoscopy)
Excessive silks (hyperplastic polyps): This type of liquid is considered very rare, it does not constitute, usually, a ground to be the evolution of colon cancer.
Inflammatory siles (Inflammatory Ployps): These salecal can be the result of scaly colitis (or: Al-Taqar-ulcerative colitis). Some of these TB