Diphtheria

Diphtheria
This disease generally occurs in children of 1-5 years of age.
Pathogen : Rod-shaped bacterium (Cornybacterium diphtherea)
Mode of Transmission : Through air (droplet infection)
Incubation period : 2-4 days
Symptoms
(i)
Slight fever, Sore throat and general indisposition.
(ii)
Oozing semisolid material in the throat which develops into a tough membrane.
The membrane may cause clogging (blocking) of air passage, resulting into
death.
Prevention and cure
(i)
Immediate medical attention should be given.
(ii)
Babies should be given DPT vaccine.
(iii) Sputum, oral and nasal discharges of the infected child should be disposed
off.
(iv) Antibiotics may be given under doctor’s supervision.
(v)
Isolation of the infected child.

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