Diseases caused.by Bacteria (Tuberculosis)

Diseases caused.by Bacteria
1.
Tuberculosis
Pathogen : A bacterium (Mycobacterium tuberculosis).
Mode of Transmission : airborne-discharged through sputum, cough, sneeze, etc.
of the infected person.
Incubation period : 2-10 weeks during which the bacteria produce a toxin,
tuberculin.
Symptoms
(i)
Persistent fever and coughing.
(ii)
Chest pain and blood comes out with the sputum.
(iii) General weakness.
Notes
Prevention and Cure
(i)
Isolation of patient to avoid spread of infection.
(ii)
BCG vaccination is given to children as a preventive measure.
(iii) Living rooms should be airy, neat and with clean sorroundings.
(iv) Antibiotics be administered as treatment

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